In Eikev, Moses continues his second address, setting out in broad terms the principles of the covenant the Israelites made with God, and what it demands of them as a chosen nation in a Promised Land.

If they are faithful to the covenant, they will be blessed materially as well as spiritually. But they should not attribute their success to themselves or their righteousness. Moses reminds them of the people’s sins during the wilderness years, the Golden Calf, the Korach rebellion, and other such episodes. He reminds them, too, of God’s forgiveness. Remembering their history, they are to love and revere God and teach their children to do likewise.

This entire complex of beliefs is summarised in the passage that became the second paragraph of the Shema (Deut. 11:13–21). Israel’s fate depends on Israel’s faith.