“History, for Torah, is neither random nor predetermined. It is not meaningless but it is not prescripted either. It is the story of the relationship between God and Abraham’s extended family. Its categories are those of fidelity and faithlessness, exile and return, attempted flight and perpetual reminders that the covenant, once undertaken, cannot be rescinded.”
“Jewish history begins in miracles, but culminates in human responsibility. What changes us is not what is done for us by God, but what we do in response to his call.”
“No Jew who knows Jewish history can be an optimist.”
“Jews have survived catastrophe after catastrophe, in a way unparalleled by any other culture. In each case they did more than survive. Every tragedy in Jewish history was followed by a new wave of creativity.”