“Just as the existence of the state of Israel posed the problem of the meaning of redemption, so the persistence of the diaspora raises the problem of the meaning of exile.”
“Israel does not negate the diaspora, because Judaism is a matter of holy lives as well as holy places.”
“There is nothing inevitable about Jewish identity in the diaspora, and there never was. In Israel one is Jewish by living in a Jewish state, surrounded by a Jewish culture and Jewish institutions. But elsewhere, being Jewish means going against the grain, being counter-cultural.”